AISHE 2019-20 report: HRD Minister Pokhriyal noted that over the last five years, from 2015-16 to 2019-20, student enrolment has increased by 11.4 percent. Female enrollment in higher education increased by 18.2 percent during this period.
He emphasised that the government’s continued emphasis on education for girls, women empowerment, and empowerment of socially backward classes is well reflected in the increased participation of women, SCs, and STs in higher education, as demonstrated by the AISHE report.
As the gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education in India exceeded 27% for the second consecutive year, the GER for females (27.3) was higher than the GER for males (26.6). Between 2015-16 and 2019-20, the number of universities increased by 30.5 percent, while the number of colleges increased by about 8.4 percent. Uttar Pradesh has a male student population of 49.1 percent and a female student population of 50.9 percent, the highest in India.
According to the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 report released on Thursday, there has been a significant shift in the choice of study discipline, with engineering and technology enrolment declining by 13.4% over the last five years, while medical science enrolment increased by 51.1 percent.
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Enrolment in higher education increased by 11.36 lakh to 3.85 crores in 2019-20, up from 3.74 crores in 2018-19. (3.04 percent ). In 2014-15, the total enrollment was 3.42 crore. The percentage of students in the eligible age group enrolled in higher education is 27.1 percent in 2019-20, up from 26.3 percent in 2018-19 and 24.3 percent in 2014-2015. Gender data also indicate an improvement in females of eligible age group’s relative access to higher education when compared to males, with 1.01 in 2019-20 compared to 1.00 in 2018-19.
Union education minister Ramesh Pokhriyal noted that the government’s continued emphasis on education for girls, women empowerment, and socially backward classes is reflected in the report’s increased participation of women, SCs, and STs in higher education.
Discipline-wise while enrolment in arts/ humanities/ social science has registered 0.4% growth in the last five years, science (13.5%) and commerce (8.5%) on the other hand have found more takers. Enrolment in IT and computer courses too registered a growth of 4.2% in the last five years.
Amit Khare, secretary, higher education said that the highlight of the 10th AISHE report is the improvement of access, equity, and quality in light of National Education Policy 2020 as the survey revealed a continuous rise in the enrolment, number of institutions, gender parity is in education.
According to the report, out of the total enrollment of 3,85,36,359 students, the vast majority of 3.06 crore students are enrolled in undergraduate programmes, accounting for approximately 79.5 percent of total enrollment. Post-graduate programmes account for 11.2 percent of total enrollment. Maharashtra is the state with the highest number of university students (9,67,034), followed by Tamil Nadu (9,26,490) and Delhi (8,16,110).
60.56 percent of the 42,343 colleges are located in rural areas, and 10.75 percent of colleges are exclusively for female students. And the majority of colleges in the country (78.6 percent) are privately managed, with Andhra Pradesh (81 percent), Telangana (80 percent), Uttar Pradesh (78.5 percent), and Tamil Nadu (78.6 percent) leading the way (77.6 percent ). Additionally, 65.5 percent of colleges enrol fewer than 500 students, while only 4% of colleges enrol more than 3,000 students.
Key features of All India Survey on Higher Education Report 2019-20
1. Total Enrolment in Higher Education stands at 3.85 crorein 2019-20 as compared to 3.74 crore in 2018-19, registering a growth of 11.36 lakh (3.04 %). Total enrolment was 3.42 crore in 2014-15.
2. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER), the percentage of students belonging to the eligible age group enrolled in Higher Education, in 2019-20 is 27.1% against 26.3% in 2018-19 and 24.3% in 2014-2015.
3. Gender Parity Index (GPI) in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19 indicating an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of eligible age group compared to males.
4. Pupil Teacher Ratio in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 26.
6. 3.38 crore Students enrolled in programmes at under-graduate and post-graduate level. Out of these, nearly 85% of the students (2.85 crore) were enrolled in the six major disciplines such as Humanities, Science, Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Medical Science and IT & Computer.
7. The number of students pursuing PhD in 2019-20 is 2.03 lakh against 1.17 lakh in 2014-15.
8. The Total Number of Teachers stands at 15,03,156 comprising of 57.5% male and 42.5% female.
9. A total of 1,019 universities, 39,955 colleges, and 9,599 stand-alone institutions participated in the survey, which provides key performance indicators on the current status of higher education in the country.
Higher Education initiatives-
- Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)
- Prime Minister’s Research Fellowship (PMRF)
- Global Initiative for Academic Network (GIAN)
- Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC)
- Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme (EQUIP)
- Rashtriya Ucchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
- National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology
source: AISHE Report
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